Cigarettes do not always leave the same scar appearance. The typical appearance of an intentionally inflicted cigarette burn is a sharply defined lesion of about 1 cm, circular, and can be hypopigmented or hyperpigmented (darker or lighter than skin color).
The appearance of healed gunshot wounds can range from round to circular scars which are typically flesh-colored, with raised borders and depressed centers. Their size and shape vary. Details regarding the mechanism of injury are essential to develop conclusions about the correlation between the history of the events and the physical findings, often years later.
High risk settings include those where women and men are detained in the same center, where guards are mostly men, when women remain in police custody, when they are detained in the pre-trial custody, are in transit, are in solitary confinement or restrained, and those who are detained without charges or with the pretense of protecting them.
Sexual dysfunction ranges from aversion to touch and lack of interest in consensual sexual acts, to body image distortions and shame, to acute and chronic pain, and finally, the inability to experience satisfaction from healthy sexual activity.
Follow this checklist to ensure that you are ready and you have everything you need to complete the evaluation.
It is the patient's right and the patient's choice to document. Be sure to obtain informed consent first.
Doctors do these evaluations all the time. But for the patient, it may be their only time. Prepare to put the patient at ease and build rapport.
Preparing, writing, and ensuring quality control of written documentation is important. Typos, poor grammar, and other mistakes reflect poorly on the expert.
People respond differently to medical evaluations, and special accommodations should be made for those with prior trauma.
Getting the history in a manner that is usable for court and avoids doing harm.
You should not not collect anything if you cannot safely store it. Learn what to do and what not to do.
Finishing evaluations properly and with warmth and clarity is essential.
Doctors will start to forget details immediately no matter how experienced they are. Follow this checklist to ensure you have taken all the proper steps.
The report alone might be relied upon by the judge, without your testimony or explanation, so the report must stand on its own.
The overriding duty of an expert witness is to provide independent, impartial, and unbiased evidence to the court or tribunal.
Preparation is essential. Your court testimony may occur years after the evaluation occurred.
Understanding the order of witnesses and ways attorneys may question expert witnesses. Learn what to expect in court.