Cigarettes do not always leave the same scar appearance. The typical appearance of an intentionally inflicted cigarette burn is a sharply defined lesion of about 1 cm, circular, and can be hypopigmented or hyperpigmented (darker or lighter than skin color).
The highest prevalence injuries related to torture and ill-treatment are blunt impact trauma which may be caused by elongated rigid or semi-rigid implements such as whips (wires, cords, leather, sticks), rods, hoses, cables, tubing and rods.
The appearance of healed gunshot wounds can range from round to circular scars which are typically flesh-colored, with raised borders and depressed centers. Their size and shape vary. Details regarding the mechanism of injury are essential to develop conclusions about the correlation between the history of the events and the physical findings, often years later.
High risk settings include those where women and men are detained in the same center, where guards are mostly men, when women remain in police custody, when they are detained in the pre-trial custody, are in transit, are in solitary confinement or restrained, and those who are detained without charges or with the pretense of protecting them.
The mental, physical, and social effects of solitary confinement are impacted by the duration, degree of isolation, purpose, pre-existing health problems, and physical conditions of the space including light, sound, food, water and medical care.
Sexual dysfunction ranges from aversion to touch and lack of interest in consensual sexual acts, to body image distortions and shame, to acute and chronic pain, and finally, the inability to experience satisfaction from healthy sexual activity.